People with certain psychological and medical conditions are treated with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. CBT is often the best used and effective treatment used by psychologists and mental health professionals. The use of cognitive behavioral therapy has been proven empirically by many researches in the field of behavioral modification and has proven to be indispensable in curing depression and anxiety.
The theory have contributors from the past, such as Socrates, and Epictetus. He supported the reasoning of Stoicism, which describes logic to be the method humans use to identify and discard false beliefs, that can inevitably result to destruction by our own emotions.
Albert Elllis described our beliefs, in his Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy, as an error in our thoughts that which leads to an emotional response, reflecting and transforming into a dysfunctional action or behavior. In the theory he devised, it is stated that external events do not cause emotions, however, they cause beliefs, which are sometimes, irrational. The problems occur when the actions or behaviors elicited by another person is falsely perceived by our own beliefs. For example, if a person you were currently having a conversation to suddenly stopped paying attention to you due to being called by another person, you might feel offended and think that your words may not be interesting or may be even boring. This then causes you to feel humiliated, angry and then conflict may arouse between you and the person you were talking to. However, CBT tries to challenge that belief by framing the scenario in such a way that you might see it in another perspective. The reason may have been, in fact, that the person you were having conversation with was not bored with talking to you, and may have shifted his attention to another person because it may have been an urgent or personally important dialogue with them.
The beliefs we have are often the ones that causes more of the emotional problem than the external factors. The failures in our expectations are often the cause of this.
Various problems, be it related to medical or psychological, have been treated with CBT. Severe problems of alcoholism and addiction can be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy. Complex problems will often require a longer period of treatment. Both therapist and the client may be able to perceive improvements in their cases. The therapy may be ended at any time by the patient if he/she chooses to do so.
There are many mental health care centers that will be able to provide services for clients and have professionals ready to use effective means of therapy such as CBT. Recent studies suggests, that there may be proof the emotional and cognitive links to behaviors. It is suggested that our brains have an older, primal functioning that may supersede our actions prior to its later rational, calculating function.